Course requirements and suggested sequencing To complete a student’s undergraduate training in classical and quantum physics, students are required to take 4 graduate courses (excluding special elective courses on soft skills). These are oneterm classroom courses, typically 30 hours of classes and labs. Most graduate courses will have a seminar component. The topics of graduate courses may vary from term to term, however our system does not permit students to repeat the same course with a change in topic. Moreover, it is unreasonable to attend courses you have already covered elsewhere; this does not advance your skills. Two courses must be completed in the first year of graduate study and the remaining two in the second year, but a different sharing (e.g. 3+1) is also possible. The final exams must be registered with satisfactory grades (High Pass on average over the first two years is strongly advised in order to get a good record when admitted to candidacy). Since the starting date of the PhD is now October 1st., registration of the exams must be completed no later than July the 31st in order to allow for the administrative procedures to be admitted to the next year. To gain the maximum benefits from each course it is important that students see the courses in conjunction with the kind of research training they are taking. Responsibility lies with each student (and their adviser) to think about what research they wish to conduct, what methods might be amenable, their own methodological competence, and therefore which courses to attend. Graduate Students should take a broad view of the courses and the opportunities they offer. Their purpose is to give students an awareness of, and experience in using a wide range of research methods and concepts in Physics. Course enrollment procedures Note that, according to Graduate School rules, a particular course is offered if and only if at least 3 students declare an intention to audit it (this enrollment threshold can be reduced to 2 upon approval of the Graduate School Board and of the lecturer of the course in question). An Audit requires regular attendance and any other obligations as stated by the course instructor. If these requirements are not met, the audit will be removed from the students record at the instructors request. It is the student’s responsibility to collaborate with her/his fellow students in reaching a rapid decision on course offering. It is up to you to be proactive in seeking out fellow students wishing to audit the particular course you are interested in so as to reach the offering threshold. For assistance in enrolling in courses, students are advised to contact the PhD Coordinator and their graduate student representatives who will prepare the option scheme and bring it to the attention of the Graduate School Board. Taking courses outside the Physics Department With the approval of the Graduate School Board it is possible to replace one of the required four advanced courses with either a course taken from the Laurea Magistrale in Physics or with a graduate course carried out in another Graduate School. Laurea Magistrale courses are admitted only if they were not taken while registered as a Laurea magistrale student. In occasional circumstances, a student can take one Graduate course in a qualified research center abroad. If the student is under an international cotutèle agreement with another Graduate School then all Term Advanced Courses can be taken abroad. In this latter case, a course certification and the corresponding grade must be submitted to the Coordinator and to the Graduate Registrar (Mrs. Anna Rita Mangia).
Here is the list of advanced courses organized by our Graduate School. The tagged ones are activated for the academic year 2021/2022. Note that most courses are activated every two years. Guidelines for teachers of PhD courses
In addition, some courses from IUSS may be mutuated. Please contact the Coordinator for details. Special Topics Courses In the above list there are a number of SPECIAL TOPICS COURSES, these are courses including an intensive educational program, one to two weeks long, providing experience in specialized research techniques with lecture and laboratory courses in topics of current high interest. The Special Topics Courses are:
The course aims at providing an introduction to the very hot topic of quantum computing, from the theoretical bases to main applications. It was activated for PhD students in the academic year 2018/2019. For complete info see the dedicated web page.
This course is mutuated from the course "Neuroscienze" to be held at Collegio Borromeo. Please see web site of Collegio Borromeo for updated details.
This is an advanced course on the interaction between biological structures and ionizing radiation. In the last year the course has been integrated with the special topic course Modeling radiation effects from initial physical events (Pavia, end of Maybeginning of June), dedicated to learning modeling approaches and techniques in radiation biophysics and radiobiology research, from basic mechanisms to applications. Please contact prof. Andrea Ottolenghi for details. Additional Elective Courses The following courses do not belong to the strict course requirements for the PhD in Physics, however their attendance is strongly recommended.
The 2017 course has been successfully completed! Download slides and selected feedback from students The course is given by prof. Davide Iannuzzi (Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam). It has the following goals: (1) To make students appreciate the advantages offered by a more entrepreneurial attitude towards technology transfer opportunities; (2) To present the most basic tools that allow entrepreneurs to bring new ideas to market; (3) To give students the opportunity to appreciate the differences and analogies between problem solving in physics and problem solving in business. Lectures are held in January 2017 on Wednesday 25 (1718 pm, aula 101), Thursday 26 (910 am and 14.3015.30 pm, aula 102) and Friday 27 (911, aula 102). The course is complemented by the PhD colloquium of prof. Iannuzzi, Thursday 26 at 16 pm, aula 102. The following courses are organized by the SAFD (the Graduate School of the University) and they are offered to all PhD students of the University of Pavia.
The course is held in the II term at Collegio Nuovo and it consists of the following modules: Presentation making, Public speaking, I fondamenti della comunicazione, Scrittura per facoltà scientifiche.
The course deals with project writing and managing in European context (Horizon 2020 program). The 2015 course has been held in the month of February 2015 at the Physics Department. Updated news on the 2016 course will be published on the web page of the Graduate School of the University . The last edition of the course has been held in June 2017. 2015 Course completed, see dedicated web page Other courses for PhD students are organized within the University of Pavia: please see the UNIPV web page for details ADVANCED COURSES OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL IN PHYSICS
Pythonbased Methods and Applications in Physics Introduction to Python: basics, simple exercises, notebooks, google Colab, examples of applications to data analysis and to machine learning. Highly recommended for all PhD students.
Computational Methods in Theoretical Physics The course, "problem solving" oriented, will deal with the solution of theoretical problems using several Monte Carlo techniques. The programming language will be Python. No special prerequisites (e.g. knowledge of specific coding languages) are required, although this will not be a course on programming. The topics will go from Classical Molecular Dynamics to Lattice Gauge Theories, passing through Random Walk, Self Avoiding Walk, Percolation, Ising Model.
Highlight (2/2/2018): As an outcome of this course, four graduate students (cycle 30, now Doctors) set up a working group and wrote a paper on a Python implementation of the Γmethod for Monte Carlo simulations, which has been published in Computer Physics Communications. Relativistic Quantum Field Theory This is an advanced course in quantum field theory tailored on those students interested
Quantum Information Science This is an advanced course in quantum information science. Quantum Information has become a large interdisciplinary developing area in Physics. "Information" is a new unifying paradigm, to the extent that quantummechanical phenomena are now regarded as inevitable consequences of informationtheoretic considerations. The new quantum protocols and algorithms are now part of the everyday physics language, with computer science and information theory now entering the realm of foundations. Unique is the opportunity of working in hitech and, at the same time, being involved in fundamental problems. The protocols of quantum teleportation, cryptography, and Shor's algorithms have changed our way of thinking physics.
This is an advanced course on selected arguments in quantum mechanics. Quantum Foundations has recently become a main topic in advanced theoretical institutes, with a new focus on the derivation of Quantum Theory from general principles, and on novel frameworks and interpretations, such as the informational and Bayesian ones, along with powerful new approaches to entanglement and nonlocality coming from Quantum Information. On the other hand, the debate on realism and completeness has recently entered the realm of general probabilistic theories, entering also the relativistic context and the foundations of quantum field theory.
Strong Interactions This is an advanced course in hadronic physics.
Nuclear Structure This is an advanced course in nuclear theory. Typical topics are: nuclear models, nuclear force, nuclear reaction and electromagnetic probes.
Electroweak and QCD field theories This is an advanced course on phenomenological aspects of the Standard Model and beyond. Some of the topics covered in the lectures will be: calculation of oneloop electroweak and QCD corrections, higherorder loop calculations (introduction), subtraction methods, parton showers, NLOPS matching techniques.
Joint course in theoretical and mathematical physics, with contributions from colleagues and guests. Highly recommended for PhD students of theoretical and mathematical area.
Goal of the course is to give an introduction to the basic, structural aspects of fluid dynamics. To start with the Euler equations for an inviscid fluid will be derived from first principles and explicit solutions will be constructed in the case of a twodimensional, incompressible fluid. Subsequently we will discuss the role of viscosity and the associated NavierStokes equations. We will construct a few solutions in highly simplified scenarios and we will outline the main difficulties in providing a thorough analysis in the case of a threedimensional viscous fluid. In the last part of the course, we will apply the mathematical concepts developed in the first part to the theory of the lift force and to that of shock waves..
Relativistic cosmology In this series of lectures, I will address both foundational themes, such as what issues a theory of cosmology deals with, and themes that have emerged during the present "golden age of discovery". We will discuss the interpretation of the Cosmological Principle and introduce the cosmological standard model (associated with the FriedmannLemaitreRobertsonWalker (FLRW) spacetime), with a selection of its many predictions and current problems: Dark energy, the nature of the Big Bang, structure formation. If time permits, we will touch upon theories of the early universe, from inflation to speculation. Previous knowledge of general relativity is not assumed. I will provide the necessary study material in the form of lecture notes.
Econophysics This is an advanced course dealing with methods of theoretical physics applied to economy. Mutuated from the course in the Laurea Magistrale. The course is starting in October, please contact prof. Montagna as soon as possible if you wish to attend!
Advanced Theory of Solids This is an advanced course on solid state theory. Topics include: elementary excitations (plasmons, excitons, polaritons, ...), advanced quantum treatment of electronic systems, photovoltaic cells, and the like.
Photonics: Theory and Computational Methods This is and advanced course on photonics and nanophysics. Topics include: nanophotonic systems (e.g. photonic crystals), computational methods  theory and tutorials, quantum effects in radiationmatter interaction, nonlinear optics.
Open Quantum Systems This is an advanced course on the analysis of analytical and numerical techniques for the study of interacting quantum systems.
Biophysics on Neural Signaling The course is offered under the aegis of a collaboration between our graduate school and the graduate school in physiology and neuroscience. The computational problems that are solved by networks of neurons, from roughly 100 cells in a small worm to 100 billion in humans provide a number of challenging problems to physicists. For the academic year 2014/2015 thr course is mutuated from the course "Neuroscienze" to be held at Collegio Borromeo in Fall 2015. Please see web site of Collegio Borromeo for updated details.
Imaging for Biomedical Applications This is an advanced course on imaging techniques applied to problems in biomedical physics.
Ionizing Radiations and Biological Structures: Theory and Applications This is an advanced course on the interaction between biological structures and ionizing radiation. The course will be integrated with the special topic course Modeling radiation effects from initial physical events, (Pavia, end of May  beginning of June), dedicated to learning modeling approaches and techniques in radiation biophysics and radiobiology research, from basic mechanisms to applications.
Spectroscopies and Photonics This is an advanced course on spectroscopic techniques and photoncis in condensed matter physics. Topics will include: (i) optical spectroscopies: techniques and experiments; (ii) educational kit on integrated optics (in collaboration with Cork Institute of Technology), (iii) quantum photonics experiments in the new lab.
Magnetic Resonance Techniques in SolidState Physics The aim of the course is to introduce the basic aspects of magnetic resonance techniques, including nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging, muon and electron spin resonances, and to present paradigmatic examples of their recent applications to condensed matter physics as well as to the biomedical sector.
Experimental Particle Physics This is an advanced course on modern particle physics with a particular attention to collider physics.
Experimental Nuclear Physics This is an advanced course on experimental techniques in nuclear and subnuclear physics. The focus of the course is the study of the structure of the lightest hadrons (mesons,nucleons) in the nonperturbative QCD regime using electromagnetic and hadronic probes. Topics covered will include: (i) overview of the existing theories of the hadronic structure: quark, chiral symmetry and lattice QCD models; (ii) baryon spectroscopy experiments using elecromagnetic probes; (iii) meson spectroscopy experiments using hadronic probes.
Radiation and Particle Detection This is and advanced course on the Physics of particle detectors, experimental nuclear/subnuclear physics.
Information and data analysis Advanced course on data analysis. See the detailed programme
Neutrino phenomenology and astroparticle physics An advanced course in astroparticle physics. Arguments include: cosmic rays physics,



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